1. Oral - Focus is on the mouth, teeth, & gums.
4. Latency - Really not a stage but an interlude.
Age: birth to 1.5 years
Age: 1.5 to 3 years
Age: 3 to 6 years
Age: 7- 11 years
Age: from 12 on
Ψ In an extension of Freud's theory, Erik Erikson proposed eight successive stages of development from infancy through old age, each stage involving a crisis that must be solved.
1. Trust versus Mistrust (infant 0-1) - Hope is the virtue that develops upon successful resolution of this stage.
2. Autonomy versus Shame & Doubt (toddler 2-3) - Will, Determination
3. Initiative versus Guilt (preschooler 3-6) - Purpose, Courage
4. Industry versus Inferiority (school age 7-12) - Competence
5. Identity versus Role Confusion (adolescence, 12- 20) - Fidelity, Loyalty
6. Intimacy versus Isolation (early adulthood, 20 - 40) - Love
7 . Generativity versus Stagnation (middle adulthood, 40 - 65) - Care
8. Integrity versus Despair (late adulthood, 65 +) - Wisdom
Growth & Development|
Robert C. Gates