The Ecological Model
Ψ The influences within & between the systems or contexts in the model are multidirectional & interactive.
• Immediate social settings which an individual is involved in.
• Focus is on an individuals face-to-face interaction (Family, school, work, church, peer group)
• Activities & interaction patterns in child's immediate surroundings. (e.g., parent/family in the home; teachers, peers in school or day care)
• Links 2 Microsystems together, directly or indirectly.
• e.g when parents and teachers coordinate their efforts to educate a child.
• Connections among children's immediate settings. (e.g., Relationship between parent & teacher in settings such as day care, schools, neighborhoods)
• Settings in which the person does not actively participate but in which significant decisions are made affecting the individuals who do interact directly with the person.
• (e.g. – neighborhood/community structures that affect the functioning of smaller systems: newspapers, TV, & radio.
• Child not directly involved in social setting; Involves connection to broader community (e.g., Parents' social networks; effect of workplace policies on day care arrangements)
• Plans for defining and organizing the institutional life of the society, including overarching patterns of culture, politics, economy, etc.
• Values, laws, customs, resources of culture, society; Influences experience & interaction at inner layers
Growth & Development|
Robert C. Gates