Practice test #13. -  Middle Childhood: Psychosocial Development

Note: These questions are part of a larger data base of questions on Chapter 13 & are selected 
to represent the type of question you should expect on unit exam four. You can, in fact, expect to see many of these very 
same questions on that exam. Exam questions, however, may deal with topics not covered in the self tests or in lectures 
but are discussed in your textbook. You are responsible for the content of your text book plus the content of lectures, 
interactive activities, & material on the web site.

Use these sample questions to test yourself & to practice for the test. 

1. Freud would expect 8 year old Kurt to experience

 a new interest in girls.
  repression of psychosexual needs.
   increased emotional drives.
    emergence of unconscious conflict.

2. During the latency stage, children

 assimilate cultural values.
 learn self control.
 establish their identity.
 develop sexual feelings toward the opposite-sex parent.

3. Social cognition refers to

 the ability to learn about societies.
 the ability to act in a leadership role.
 an understanding of human personality & intentions.
 mastery of classification & causality.

4. Which of the following decrease during the school years?


5. During the school years, children realize that people

 can have ambivalent feelings.
 can experience only one emotion at a time.
 are not able to disguise emotions.
 rarely show their emotions.

6. In social comparison, children do NOT compare themselves to standards set by

 their own past behavior.

7. A child's peer group does NOT usually provide

 a standard of behavior.
 a zone of proximal development.

8. School age children would most admire

 Ed, whose mother kisses him good-bye.
 Kyle, who was punished for not telling.
 Kim, who is the teacher's favorite.
 Kurt, who spends a lot of time with adults.

9. Unlike younger children, older children

 believe that friends should help each other.
 find it harder to make new friends.
 believe that friends are people who do things together.
 have friendships that are less intense.

10. Most children develop social cognition from

 the normal give-and-take of peers.
 self-defeating behavior.
 making themselves vulnerable to others.
 critical peers.

11. 60% of bullying incidents involve

 aggression by smaller than average boys.
 verbally aggressive girls.
 being the object of reticule.
 group attacks.

12. The key word in the definition of bullying is


13. Both bullies and victims assume that

 it is not serious.
 the current situation is ok.
 classmates will intervene.
 adults will not intervene.

14. Open style families

 work best when schools or neighborhoods are chaotic.
 work best with a defiant or demanding child.
 value contributions from every family member.
 set strict guidelines, limits, and rules.

15. Family structure refers to

 who belongs to a family & how they are related.
 how well a family raises its children.
 how the family's house is build.
 how the generations interact.

16. The level of a child's distress from divorce depends on

 stability of the family income.
 adequacy of the care giving.
 conflict in the parent's relationship.
 all of these

17. Which of the following is NOT a stage-salient task for resilient children?

 peer acceptance
 biological equilibrium
 behavioral control
 academic engagement

18. Social support does NOT come from

 a tv hero.
 a pet.
 religious faith.

19. Two parent homes when compared to single parent homes usually have

 higher moral values.
 better discipline.
 higher income.
 fewer children.

20. Who is most likely to overcome serious problems in the family?

 Kim, who has three brothers.
  Ruth, who is very religious.
   Kyle, who lacks confidence.
    Kurt, who stays home because he dislikes school.

21.  Which of the following is not a distinct type of unpopular child?

22.  Social cognition has a related ability called ________ ______.

  peer influence 
   effortful control 
   deviancy training 
     resilience control 
23. Preconventional morality involves 

 trying to gain the approval of others. 
  an emphasis on law and order. 
   an emphasis on reward and punishment. 
    the careful consideration of all options. 

24. Kohlberg developed a famous theory of the development of 

 moral actions. 
  moral reasoning. 
   cultural differences in ethics. 
    gender differences in morality. 

25. The development of moral attitudes 
 occurs when a person becomes responsible for their actions. 
  occurs when formal operational thought is attained. 
  begins at the same time as language development. 
   is a lifelong process. 

26. Kohlberg has been criticized because his theory of moral development  

has "universal" stages that do not reflect liberal western values. 
 is too narrow and restrictive. 
  does not emphasize stages strongly enough. 
   emphasizes gender differences. 
27.  Gilligan believed that men are less likely to follow a "morality of care" because they are more

                            Topics in Psychology
                               Robert C. Gates