Multicontextual Characteristics of Development
Ψ Three broad contexts within the social context - history, socioeconomic status, & culture - affect development. Because these contexts overlap, it is often impossible to determine whether a particular effect comes from; cohort, social class or ethnic heritage.
The Historical Context
• All persons born within a few years of each other are said to be a cohort, a group of people that travel through life together and are affected by the same events.
• Cohort size can be significant. e.g. the baby-boom.
• For adults, events of their late adolescence and early adult years tend to have the greatest lasting affect (Rubin. 1999).
• Our assumptions about how things "should be" are social constructions. A social construction is an idea built more on shared perceptions of social order than on objective reality.
The Socioeconomic Context
Ψ The three major factors comprising SES are
• & occupation.
Ψ SES ( Socio-economic status) entails all the advantages & disadvantages & all the opportunities & limitations, that may be associated with status.
The Cultural Context
• A social group's "design for living".
• Culture is the set of shared values, assumptions, customs, & physical objects that are maintained by a group of people in a specific setting ( a society ) as a design for living.